domingo, 4 de octubre de 2020

Broadband in Hong Kong: fast, very fast

Hong Kong is a city near China, which is different from China. In Hong Kong we have our own broadband provider with high broadband penetration rate. The fiber optical is also developed by Hong Kong people Sir Charles Kuen Kao. Nearly every part of Hong Kong has internet. 


The internet is well-developed in Hong Kong and people rely on the internet for their daily life, in a Broadband Society and cloud journalism environment. In this essay, we will analyze, with the collaboration of Lin Wing Kwan, from UPF, the questions you may rise when talking about broadband in Hong Kong.
The internet society first appear in Hong Kong in 1992. In 1992, the internet first established in Hong Kong, only 0.85% of the population in Hong Kong using internet. And only 25 years passed, the number of people using internet increased sharply to 89.42% in 2017. However, compared to other countries near Hong Kong, like Singapore (88.166%), Korea (95.89%), Japan (84.588%) and China (54.3%), Korea have the highest percentage of population using internet, with 95.89%. Till, 2014, there are more than 3 billion Internet users in Asia. Estimated by ITU, at the end of 2019, there are all over 53% of population access to the internet. Therefore, we can see that the usage of internet in Hong Kong is much higher than the world average.

The price of the broadband in Hong Kong is not cheap among the world, but the rate is still competitive. Spain ranked 64 in the ranking of internet price of the world, yet Hong Kong ranked 129. The average price per package of internet is 72USD (65eu) in Hong Kong. However, we do have some cheaper plans to join, it all depends on how many MB the users want. Normally for 1000MB plans, the price is around 40eu in Hong Kong.

The competition between the internet providers in Hong Kong is intense as there are over 200 internet providers in Hong Kong. Netvigator (by PCCW limited) is the first internet provider in Hong Kong since 1996. Before 1996, seldom Hong Kong people use internet. Other providers like HKBN metro Ethernet, I-Cable Broadband are also common for Hong Kong people. In 2010, the 1st Asia-Pacific Internet Governance Forum was organized in Hong Kong, the internet gradually becomes a must for Hong Kong people.

There are 4 main mobile network operators in Hong Kong, including 3 Hong Kong, CSL, Smartone, China Mobile. However, internet company like HKBN Metro Ethernet also start to provide mobile network services because more and more people choose to use mobile internet instead of fixed broadband. Birdie is a new company with different business running method. Normally the users need to sign one/two-years contract with the mobile internet operator and they need to pay 18HKD(2eu) service fee every month. People cannot easily change their network plan, or they can only change to a more expensive plan after they signed the contract. It is also very troublesome if the users want to change their mobile network providers with their own number. Some mobile network providers will even automatically renew the users’ contract within the gray zone of law. However, Birdie offers the user the mobile network service without any contract and service fee. People can stop or change their mobile network plan with the Birdie app easily. The users can even share their cellular data with their friends. They also offer travel plan that the users can buy the cellular data for other countries like Taiwan or Japan. This running method is new in Hong Kong and being support by a lot of young people. For Mobile virtual network operators, until December 2019, there are 24 operators in Hong Kong. The Mobile subscriber penetration rate in Hong Kong is really high thanks to the common in mobile phone. Some Hong Kong people will have more than 3 smartphones because of their work. Till October 2019, The Mobile subscriber penetration rate in Hong Kong is 279.6%. For mobile cellular, Hong Kong has the highest number of subscriptions per 100 people among other 4 countries, China (115/ per 100 people), Japan (139/ per 100 people), Korea(130/ per 100 people)), Singapore(146/ per 100 people). In Hong Kong, over 259/ per 100 people subscribed.

Despite the fact that the growth in using mobile network in Hong Kong is sharp, the fixed broadband is still common in Hong Kong. According to Office of the communications Authority of Hong Kong, the household broadband penetration rate until 2019 is 92.9%. The fibre-to-the-home / building (FTTH/B) household penetration rate is 75.1%. Public Wi-Fi access is not common in Hong Kong because most of the Hong Kong people have their one cellular data and own Wi-Fi. People also believe accessing public Wi-Fi will lead to the leak of private information. However, there are still 57311 public Wi-Fi access points in Hong Kong. Other main broadband providers in Hong Kong including PCCW, Hutchison Global communication broadband (HGC) and Hong Kong Broadband Network (HKBN). Both of these broadband providers offer the users with ultra-fast broadband. Netvigator (by PCCW) provides users with 10G FTTH services. Early in 2011, HKBN started to offer the ultra-fast internet speed to the users, 50 megabits per second for downloading and 20 megabits per second for uploading. Nowadays, HKBN even provides with 2Gb bandwidth plan, the “True Fibre-To-The-Home.”

Fibre-to-the-Home/Building (FTTH/FTTB) and hybrid fibre-coaxial (HFC) is the main broadband connection technologies used in Hong Kong. Hong Kong is one of the world leaders in developing FTTB/FTTH. Also, Microwave trunk transmission system is still keeping for the remote area in Hong Kong. One of the main network operators, I-Cable using HFC to provide network to over 2 million families in Hong Kong.

The average internet speed in Hong Kong is mostly over 120 Mbps. For the uploading speed is 146.69Mbps and for the downloading speed is 153.66 Mbps. The speed can be faster depending on the internet plan the users have, some of the plans can up to 1000Mbps in Hong Kong. Hong Kong has very high average fixed broadband speed over the world. Hong Kong ranks 2 in the world average speed of fixed broadband, with 164.88Mbps. Singapore ranks 1 with 200.12 Mbps, according to Speedtest Global Index.

A 97% of the internet user in Hong Kong will use their smartphone to surf internet. Most of the people will spend around 3 hours on the internet per day. Recent year, Hong Kong people prefer going online through mobile phone rather than computer. 97% of the users use mobile phone going online. The time Hong Kong people spend on internet is gradually growing. Especially for mobile phone, people averagely going online for 2.7 hours per day in 2016 and increase to 3.1 hours per day in 2017. Using mobile phone to go online is more common than using computer in Hong Kong because mobile phone is convenient and people can go online anytime they want. Internet becomes so important in people’s lives, the students will use them for studying, yet this also raises another problem like internet addiction. However, the study found that the prevalence rate of adolescent internet addiction was 6.7%, which is lower than the previously reported. We think that the situation will be better under the education by the school and government.

The growth of the internet also leads to the flourishing development of e-commerce. In 2014, 60% of Hong Kong people will shop online. Online shopping websites like TaoBao, HKTV Mall and amazon is common for Hong Kong people. As most of the Hong Kong people are busy with their own life, with the development of the e-commerce, they can get all the necessaries and ingredients through online markets like HKTV Mall. This greatly facilitates people's lives.

Internet is becoming a must for everyone in the world. The global exchange becomes so easy because of the development of internet. We believe that in the future, internet will keep changing our life, people will start to rely more on e-commerce. In the growth of 4K, the requirement for faster internet speed will increase, people will keep asking for better internet quality and speed. Therefore, competition between different service providers will increase. The internet and VPN played an important role even during the protest in Hong Kong. Hong Kong people use internet to live stream the protest in Instagram, some will share the live location of the police through Telegram to protect other protesters. They also use internet to organize and gather people to join the protest. Therefore, we believe the internet will become more and more important in the future.

We analyze international broadband and HbbTV evolution (here, the case of Hong Kong) in this blog, in Research Group about Digital Journalism and Marketing and Broadband and in Research Group on Innovative Monetization Systems of Digital Journalism, Marketing and Tourism (SIMPED), from CECABLEEscola Universitària Mediterrani of UdGUPF and Blanquerna-URL, in Twitter (@CECABLEresearch), in the group of LinkedIn, in the page of LinkedIn, in the group of Facebook, in Instagram (CECABLE), in Pinterest and in this blog. We will go in deep in the XXV Cable and Broadband Catalonia Congress.

54 comentarios:

  1. Bonitos y especializados artículos sobre la expansión de la banda ancha en ámbito internacional. ¡Felicidades, Joan Francesc!

    ResponderEliminar
  2. Todos los países necesitan banda ancha, y los que se posicionen mejor van a obtener mayor rendimiento. Revelador artículo sobre Hong Kong.

    ResponderEliminar
  3. The article is very interesting but scares a little. The news technologies and the broadband are very necessaries in our lives, they are very important for the world nowadays but we cannot forget the people relationships.

    ResponderEliminar
    Respuestas
    1. Thanks for your comment, Maia! New technologies are crucial for us.

      Eliminar
  4. Personalment crec que Hong Kong es un país molt desenvolupat i té la sort de poder comptar amb una banda ample envidiable, ja que es situa en el número 2 del ranking a la velocitat mitjana mundial de banda ampla fixa. Per tant, es una gran oportunitat de negoci online, ja que té totes les facilitats per poder distribuir i comercialitzar de manera òptima el negoci de l'e - commerce.

    ResponderEliminar
    Respuestas
    1. Moltes gràcies el teu comentari, Ivan! Certament, es tracta d'un país amb gran competitivitat gràcies a la disponibilitat de banda ampla.

      Eliminar
  5. Todos los países deberían de disponer de banda ancha y es necesaria para abarcar gran posición que obtiene Hong Kong en el mercado.

    ResponderEliminar
  6. En este artículo, se nos muestra cómo con el paso de los años ha ido cambiando la influencia de la banda ancha e internet en Hong Kong.
    En 1992, se implementó por primera vez internet en Hong Kong pero, en ese momento, solo el 0,85% de la población le daba uso, mientras que, en 2017 la cifra ya llegaba al 88,42%.
    Hong Kong, dispone de 4 operadores de redes móviles y el precio medio de banda ancha es de 65 euros. Otro problema añadido es que los usuarios no pueden cambiar fácilmente su plan de red una vez firmado el contrato y la única opción que tienen es pasarse a un plan más caro.
    Por suerte, desde hace poco tiempo, ha surgido una nueva empresa llamada Birdie con un método de funcionamiento empresarial distinto ya que los usuarios pueden cancelar o cambiar su plan con la aplicación fácilmente. Además, pueden compartir sus datos móviles con quien quieran y ofrecen un plan de viaje en el que se pueden comprar datos móviles para otros países como Taiwán o Japón, cosa que como es comprensible cuenta con el apoyo de muchos jóvenes. En octubre de 2019, la tasa de suscriptores en compañías de telefonía móvil era del 279,6%.
    A día de hoy, la fibra hasta el hogar/edificio (FTTH/FTTB) y la fibra híbrida coaxial (HFC), son las principales vías de conexión de banda ancha utilizadas en Hong Kong, ya que uno de los principales operadores (I-Cable), utiliza HFC para abastecer a más de 2 millones de familias.
    La velocidad promedio de Internet es, en su mayoría de más de 120 Mbps, la velocidad de carga, es de 146,69 Mbps y la de descarga de 153,66 Mbps, ocupando el segundo lugar en la velocidad media mundial de banda ancha fija con 164,88 Mbps.
    Actualmente, el 97% de los usuarios de Internet en Hong Kong, usan su teléfono móvil para navegar, pasando así un promedio de 3 horas al día ya que les permite conectarse en cualquier momento y lugar que deseen.
    El crecimiento de Internet, conduce también al rápido desarrollo del comercio electrónico ya que actualmente, las personas pueden encontrar cualquier cosa con sus móviles desde donde se encuentren, comprarla y hacer que se lo envíen donde deseen.
    Ahora mismo, para la mayoría de la gente, disponer de Internet es una necesidad y Hong Kong, al ser un país tan desarrollado, cuenta con muchas facilidades para progresar y seguir creciendo en este sentido.

    ResponderEliminar
    Respuestas
    1. ¡Muchas gracias por tu comentario, Aina! El caso de Hong Kong es un referente por su elevadísima velocidad media.

      Eliminar
  7. It is interesting to see how the evolution of the internet is becoming a necessity for users. And even more interesting is to see how e-commerce benefits with this increase.

    ResponderEliminar
    Respuestas
    1. Thanks for your comment, Santi! More broadband = more economic possibilities.

      Eliminar
  8. Hong Kong és un país molt desenvolupat i ens ho demostra la gran capacitat que tenen en molts àmbits. La banda àmplia no es queda enrere, és un punt molt avançat. Pel fet que hi ha tan bona connexió, tenen una velocitat molt alta i això permet que hi hagi molts negocis online que se n'aprofitin.

    ResponderEliminar
    Respuestas
    1. Moltes gràcies pel teu comentari, Adrià! Més banda ampla = més negocis en línia.

      Eliminar
  9. The broadband that internet providers could bring to Hongkong it's an example of what a high speed conection could bring to a city nearly ignorant of the internet 25 years ago to the most utilized cellphone of the world an one of the most important center of technology and e-comerce

    ResponderEliminar
  10. Honkong esta situado entre los mejores paises con banda ancha desde hace mucho tiempo, los demás paisés también tendrían que disponer de esa oportunidad, así como Honkong hizo para ganarse un puesto en el mercado.

    ResponderEliminar
  11. El artículo habla sobre la ancha red que tienen en Hong Kong. Internet es una herramienta muy desarrollada y la gente depende de él para su vida diaria, en una sociedad de banda ancha y en un entorno de periodismo en la nube. El artículo se centra principalmente en las tarifas y los proveedores de internet. El precio de la banda ancha en Hong Kong no es barato en el mundo, pero la tarifa sigue siendo competitiva. La competencia entre los proveedores de Internet en Hong Kong es intensa, ya que hay más de 200 proveedores de Internet en Hong Kong.Por lo tanto, podemos ver que el uso de internet en Hong Kong es mucho más alto que el promedio mundial.

    ResponderEliminar
    Respuestas
    1. ¡Muchas gracias por tu comentario, Joana! La conectividad le confiere a Hong Kong una clara ventaja competitiva.

      Eliminar
  12. Hong Kong is one of the best development cities in the world. This article shows the importance between the internet and the companies of using the broadband to make their marketing and online strategies. Also is very important to have a good broadband to know and talk to your consumers and resolving any doubt that they have on the products.

    ResponderEliminar
  13. If we take Hong Kong as an example, we see how they have now their own broadband provider but it wasn’t always like that. There, the Internet appeared in 1992, at that time, only 0.85% of the population had access to the Internet. If we continue reading we can see how that percentage has increased drastically (89.42%)
    As the number of people with Internet access increases, plans and promotions also increase and more companies are created that offer this type of services. Also bear in mind that in recent years, people have been accessing the internet via their mobile phones. And not only just accessing, but also making their purchases since, as the text mentions, most of the inhabitants of Hong Kong make their purchases online for a matter of ease. Let's stick with that word: ease. And that's where broadband comes in. A faster connection, faster browsing, a page that loads quickly, all this influences the purchase process and that is why we talk about the fact that broadband can boost purchasing behavior.

    ResponderEliminar
  14. El internet y las nuevas tecnologías se han convertido en elementos indispensables para nuestras vidas y ahora ya es una necesidad. Hong Kong cuenta con una gran disponibilidad de banda ancha y de muy buena calidad, que lo convierte en uno de los países más desarrollados y competitivos en los negocios online, al situarse entre los primeros del mundo.

    ResponderEliminar
  15. As my colleagues have said, Honk Kong is one of the biggest cities in the world and as of that, its broadband should be as big as the city. This article states that the internet is a crucial tool in our lives and in the business world and I personally think that that's right.

    The article also talks about the amount of the internet providers (over 200) that Hong Kong has and the trouble that it may come with that. Knowing that Hong Kong is one of the most important centers of technology related business (also e-commerce), I am not surprised about what I have read, but I am also fascinated about the fact that in 2017 a 88,42% of the population in Hong Kong was using the internet.

    Good and revealing article.

    ResponderEliminar
  16. Habla sobre la banda ancha de Irlanda. Hoy en día Irlanda es un país que consume grandes cantidades de contenido online, aunque aun hay zonas donde no disponen de esta banda ancha, que permite poder navegar a mayor velocidad por internet. De esta manera se ha posicionado en el numero 34 en el ranking.
    Aun así Irlanda ha sido el país de la unión europea en que la evolución de la banda ancha ha sido mas lento.

    ResponderEliminar
  17. La sociedad del internet en Hong Kong apareció en 1992, representando menos de un 1% de personas que usaban internet, pero el internet ha sufrido en casi todo el mundo un crecimiento exponencial increíble, siendo en la actualidad el porcentaje de uso del internet superior a un 89%, en relación con la cantidad de población, Hong Kong tiene de los promedios más altos o el que más de uso de internet mundialmente.

    Es por eso que, gracias a tener acceso a la banda ancha, que sigue en aumento no solo en Hong Kong, sino mundialmente, incrementa el número de consumidores y potenciales consumidores digitales. Ya que, además, en los últimos años se ha disparado con un 60% de consumidores online en Hong Kong, y esta tendencia seguirá en aumento, por no decir que el 97% de personas de Hong Kong navegan online desde el móvil, por lo que sería interesante invertir en publicidad online enfocada en móviles y dinamizar más el comportamiento de compra del consumidor digital.

    ResponderEliminar
  18. La sociedad de Internet apareció por primera vez en Hong Kong el año 1992, sin llegar a tener un gran alcance en la gente durante los primeros años. no obstante hasta el 2014 se incrementaron los usuarios llegando a ser 3 mil millones. hay una gran competencia en la ciudad entre los proveedores de Internet y hay 4 operadores principales de redes moviles includios los 3 Hong Kong, CSL, Smartone y China Mobile. Finalmente podemos ver que Internet ha crecido en HongKong de manera brutal y ha llegado a la mayoria de la poblacion.

    ResponderEliminar
  19. En aquest article podem veure que Hong Kong és un dels països més desenvolupats, el qual fa un gran us del Internet i de la banda ample. Això dona moltes oportunitats als negocis del ambit online degut a la bona connexió, i alhora també ens ha de servir per pensar que els altres països haurien de tenir també una banda ampla d'aquest nivell per poder assolir la posició de Hong Kong en el món dels negocis i la tecnologia.

    ResponderEliminar
  20. Hong Kong es una de les ciutats més desenvolupades del continent asiàtic i això fa que l’internet i la banda amplia estiguin molt presents a la ciutat. Això fa que les empreses puguin tenir grans oportunitats en el mercat digital.

    ResponderEliminar
  21. This is a very interesting article about the internet, a lot of people including me don't really know how the internet really works but somehow it has taken over our lives becoming a huge part of our lives, we basically depend on it for everything, take for example Korea where 95.89% use the internet or Japan 84.588%, the internet is everywhere from hospitals to clothing stores and you have access to it anywhere in the world but what is really interesting to me is how the internet varies what I mean by this is that you don't have the same speed in Hong Kong than Spain and you certainly don't pay the same, that's why in Hong Kong they pay more than we do here in Spain. Over all I would like to conclude by saying that nowadays the internet should be available for everyone at a fair price because it is such a huge part of the world that anyone should have access to it.

    ResponderEliminar
  22. Nice article!! Honk Kong have a great broadband and this makes it one of the most advanced countries, because nowadays it is one of the most important and used tools. Most countries would like to have the broadband of Honk Kong. :)

    ResponderEliminar
  23. actualmente la tecnología se ha convertido en una herramienta impresencial para los humanos, y es por ello que siempre se están haciendo avances y actualizaciones sobre ellos. En el artículo podemos observar que Hong Kong dispone de una gran banda ancha y por ello le convierte en una de las ciudades más desarrolladas de hoy en día.

    ResponderEliminar
  24. Very nice! It’s a very interesting article! New technologies are very important in our lives, but we also need people relationships. Nice work!

    ResponderEliminar